Lions News · Is Your Ankle Playing Tricks on You? | Presented by Nationwide Children’s Sports Medicine


Is Your Ankle Playing Tricks on You? | Presented by Nationwide Children’s Sports Medicine

Ankle sprains happen. Athletes learn the concept of PRICE (Protect, Rest, Ice, Compression,  Elevation) early in their career as a way to manage acute (recent onset) injuries with swelling and pain. General guidelines recommend an athlete should not return fully to play until swelling has  resolved and can perform multiple repetitions of sport-specific activities without an increase in pain  or swelling. But sometimes ankle sprains keep happening, and an athlete can spend an entire season  dealing with one ankle sprain after another. Athletes may call it a trick ankle; doctors call it recurrent  ankle sprains. Sports medicine professionals call it decreased proprioception, and it is treatable.  

There are three body systems that aid in maintaining balance: vestibular, visual and somatosensory,  or proprioception. Proprioception is the body’s ability to sense where it is in space. You have  sensors in your skin, muscles and joints that give you information regarding what type of surface you  are standing on, and where your arms and legs are in relation to each other and that surface. If your  brain receives information from those sensors that you are not balanced and are going to fall, your  body reacts to first prevent the fall. If that isn’t possible, the second reaction is to protect your head  from hitting the ground. When your body sustains an injury, the swelling and tissue damage disrupt  the sensors, and balance is impaired. Even after the swelling and pain of an ankle sprain are gone,  the sensors in your body may be impaired. Training proprioceptive sensors after an injury will help  decrease the risk of further injury and prevent the next ankle sprain.  

Balance is a skill, much like free throws, handstands or juggling. Just like any other skill, you can  improve your balance by practicing it. In rehabilitation, proprioception is trained by strengthening  the muscles surrounding the ankle, and by working the ankle’s sensors.  

If you have sprained your ankle, and there is some pain and swelling, use the concepts of PRICE for  1-2 weeks until the swelling has gone, and you have no pain at rest. Then you are ready to try some  of the following exercises, which are in order of difficulty. Do not move on to the next exercise  before you can successfully perform the first one.  

For Strengthening  

  1. Stand on a stair with your injured leg, keeping your other leg straight. Slowly bend the knee  of the leg on the stair, and lightly touch the floor with the other foot-just touch it, do not  stand on it. Return to standing. You may hold onto the railing for balance if you need to.  Repeat 10-15 times.  
  2. Stand on your injured leg, rise up on your toes as far as you can and come back down.  Repeat 10-15 times.  

For Balance  

  1. Stand on one foot, hands on hips, with legs not touching. The goal is to balance 2 minutes  without falling.  
  2. Stand as in #1, and close your eyes. The goal is 2 minutes without falling.  3. Stand as in #1 in front of a wall, facing the wall, and bouncing a ball against the wall 20  times without losing your balance. 

Sports Medicine  

  1. Stand as in #3, with your foot parallel to the wall. Turn the trunk of your body 90 degrees  and bounce a ball against the wall 20 times. Repeat facing the other direction.  5. Stand as in #4, between 2 walls (as in a hallway). Keeping your foot stationary, turn and  bounce the ball off of one wall, then turn and bounce it off the other wall. Repeat 20 times.  

Increasing proprioception will not only help an athlete get into the game, and stay in the game, but it  can also help with performance. Ankle injuries may seem like a minor problem, especially if it is a  mild sprain. However, if that sprain is not properly treated, it can happen again and again. That is  why it is important to allow the injury to fully heal, before trying to continue playing. PRICE can aid  in healing quicker, but strength and balance will aid in making sure your ankle does not continue to  play tricks on you.  

Nationwide Children’s Hospital Sports Medicine specializes in diagnosing and treating sports-related  injuries in youth, adolescent, and collegiate athletes. Services are available in multiple locations  throughout central Ohio. To make an appointment, call 614-355-6000 or visit our website at www.nationwidechildrens.org/sports-medicine.

Posted by VNN